Directores de tesis:
    Melissa Axelrod, Joan L. Bybee, Concepci=F3n Company Company, Rena C. T=
    Cacoullos, Catherine E. Travis

6. Proyecto o l=EDnea de investigaci=F3n en el que se incluye:

7. Resumen e =EDndice

This quantitative, diachronic study of variation between the Spanish
Synthetic Future cantar=E9 (SF) and the Periphrastic Future voy a cantar
(PF) tackles the development of these two expressions within and
outside the realm of future temporal reference in Spanish since Old
Spanish through the early 21st century. Working within the framework
of grammaticization and variation theory, this study begins with a
qualitative and quantitative
form-based analysis of each form, based on over 5,500 tokens extracted
from a 935,000-word written and oral corpus.

In the case of the SF, the relationship between SF occurrences in
future temporal contexts and those in non-future epistemic contexts is
addressed, and it is shown that these two contexts of use have
statistically significant differences in distributional tendencies. In
the case of the PF, which appeared with a relative frequency of just
over 10% in the 17th-century data, it is argued that very few uses are
not subsumed under future temporal expression.

The form-based analyses are followed by four independent
function-based analyses for each time period spanning the 17th through
the 20th centuries, in which the factors conditioning SF-PF variation
are examined. A comparison of these analyses reveals, first, a
contextual generalization of the PF into erstwhile SF territory
beginning in the 17th century, and second, a shift in the division of
labor in future temporal expression as the SF loses
and the PF gains default future status in the 20th century. A return
to the form-based study offers insight into this shift, suggesting
that the increased use of SF in epistemic modal contexts (e.g. =BFd=F3nde
estar=E1 Mar=EDa ahora? 'Where might Mar=EDa be now?') perturbed the
division of labor between the SF and PF, thereby altering the
linguistic conditioning on the
two future temporal expression variants in Spanish today.

The form-based analyses offer a diachronic portrait of each expression
and the particular contexts in which each expression occurs. The
fuction-based analyses give a snopshot of the division of labor
between these two variants at each time period, while comparison of
these analyses reveals the details of the dynamic process of the
side-by-side grammaticization of these variants.


List of Figures
List of Tables

1 Introduction
1.1 The Spanish future
1.1.1 Two constructions
1.1.2 Romance futures: two questions Semantic differences and speaker choice Epistemic modality and SF semantics
1.2 A usage-based approach
1.2.1 Grammaticization
1.2.2 Linguistic correlates of grammaticization
1.2.3 Methods in a usage-based framework
1.3 Variation theory
1.3.1 Structured variability and competition
1.3.2 Frequency and language change
1.4 The present study

2 Methodology
2.1 Corpus
2.2 Data extraction and exclusions
2.3 Coding and hypotheses
2.3.1. Verb class
2.3.2 Temporal modification and specificity
2.3.3 Grammatical person and animacy
2.3.4 Clause type
2.3.5 Sentence type
2.3.6 Polarity
2.3.7. Lexical type
2.4 The variable context
2.4.1 Neutralization of meaning in discourse
2.4.2 Defining the envelope of variation
2.5 Variable rule analysis

3 The Synthetic Future
3.1 Origins and development
3.2 Changes in form: Increased fixedness and syntactic variability
3.2.1 Increased fixedness
3.2.2 Syntactic variability I: cantar lo h=E9
3.2.3 Syntactic variability II: cantar=E9lo
3.3 The functions of SF
3.3.1 Futurity and epistemicity
3.3.2 Distinguishing meanings
3.4 Characterizing the SF
3.4.1 Temporal uses of SF
3.4.2 Epistemic SF
3.4.3 Other proposed SF functions
3.5 Differentiating temporal and epistemic SF
3.5.1 Grammatical person and subject animacy
3.5.2 Clause and sentence type, polarity
3.6 Summary

4 The Periphrastic Future
4.1 Origins
4.2 Changes in form: Increased fixedness
4.3 The functions of PF
4.3.1 Temporal PF
4.3.2 Other proposed PF functions
4.3.3 Non-temporal PF
4.4 The grammaticization of the PF
4.4.1 Verb class
4.4.2 Lexical diffusion
4.4.3 Subject
4.4.4 Locatives
4.5 Temporal adverbials
4.6 Summary

5 Forms in competition
5.1 Language variation in use
5.1.1 Grammaticization and language change
5.1.2 Form-function asymmetry in the Spanish future
5.2 Results: Frequency
5.3 Variable rule analyses
5.3.1 The 17th century
5.3.2 The 19th century
5.3.3 The 20th century, written data
5.3.4 The 20th century, spoken data
5.3.5 The face of the two Futures: 300 years Subject: measuring volition and intention
5.4 Summary and discussion
5.4.1 Semantics and variant choice: a diachronic perspective
5.4.2 (In)stability and renewal

6 Synchronized change
6.1 Unresolved questions
6.1.1 Beyond the variable context
6.1.2 Semantic generalization and functional space
6.2 Frequency
6.3 Changing magnitudes of effect
6.3.1 Stative verbs
6.3.2 Interrogatives
6.3.3 Temporal adverbials
6.4 Overall tendencies: grammaticization, variation and
6.5 Summary of results and implications: shifting defaults

7 Summary and conclusions
7.1 The approach
7.2 The analysis
7.2.1 Form-based studies
7.2.2 Function-based study
7.3 Explaining change
7.4 Recommendations for further research
7.5 Choosing a future

Appendix: Corpus

8. Correo-e de la autora:
    Jessi Aaron <[log in to unmask] >

9. C=F3mo obtener la tesis:
    Contactar con la autora

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